In 2003, the College of Psychologists joined with the other Federation of Health Regulatory Colleges of Ontario to prepare a Guide to the federal Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA).
In 2004, Ontario enacted the Personal Health Information Protection Act, 2004 (PHIPA). PHIPA follows the same principles of PIPEDA, however it provides much more specific guidance about the handling of personal health information. PHIPA also has some minor differences from PIPEDA. The purpose of this PHIPA Guide is to supplement the existing PIPEDA Guide so that practitioners can comply with both statutes.